Brief History of Mizoram


1. Mizoram was one of the districts of Assam State till it attained a status of Union Territory in 1972. Mizoram Legislative Assembly started functioning on 10th May of the same year with thirty elected and three nominated Members. The Assembly Secretariat also started functioning simultaneously absorbing the employees of the defunct Mizo District Council and the Council Hall was converted to Assembly House. Mizoram attained Statehood on 20th February 1987 and the first State Assembly was instituted in March, 1987 with a total membership of forty. A new Assemly Building was constructed at a cost of Rs.564.52 lakhs and it was occupied in 1996
2. The Mizoram Legislative Assembly celebrated its Silver Jubilee in May 1997. The celebration was marked by a meeting at Vanapa Hall, a public meeting at 1st AR Ground and a grand feast for former and sitting MLAs and MPs as well as employees of Assembly Secretariat and their families. The celebration was attended by Shri G.M.C.Balayogi, the then Speaker of Lok Sabha and many dignitaries from other State Legislatures.
3. Mizoram Legislative Assembly has been a full-fledged member of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association since 1987. It has actively participated in the conferences and meetings organised by the Association inside the country and abroad. This Assembly has also hosted the second Conference of North East Region Commonwealth Parliamentary Association in April 1998.
4. Mizoram Legislative Assembly has a powerful Committee System. At present it has twenty standing Committees. Excepting the three financial Committees, viz. Public Accounts Committee, Estimates Committee and Committee on Public Undertakings, which are constituted for a term of thirty months, the term of all the Committees is one year from the date of constitution. Names of Committees, their constitution and functions are given in the subsequent chapter under the caption ‘COMMITTEES OF MIZORAM LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY’.
5. This Assembly, in collaboration with the Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training (BPST), organised an orientation programme on Committee System for MLAs and officers of the Assembly secretariat at New MLA Hostel from 19th to 21st January 1998. Shri G.C.Malhotra, Additional Secretary, John Joseph, Joint Secretary and other senior officers of Lok Sabha presented papers and delivered lectures on the subject.
6. On a request made by the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Secretariat, the BPST, Lok Sabha Secretariat organised training programme in from 21st to 23rd April 1999 exclusively for newly elected MLAs from Mizoram which was attended by twenty-six MLAs accompanied by five officials of the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Secretariat.
7. From the very beginning, Mizoram Legislative Assembly has been maintaining a very high degree of decorum in the House and ‘pandemonium’ is a term almost unknown in this Assembly. With a view to upkeep, nurture and also to enhance the existing standard of decorum, a Code of Conduct for Members of Mizoram Legislative Assembly was incorporated in the Rules of Procedure, and Committee on Ethics has been constituted to oversee the moral conduct of Members and to examine cases of misconduct of members with reference to the Code of Conduct. Mizoram Legislative Assembly is the first Assembly to telecast live the entire proceedings of the session through local cable TV channels. This practice greatly helps the general public in acquiring first hand knowledge of the functioning of legislature and the contribution made by each and every member in the shaping of the future of the state. At the same time,it greatly shapes the conduct and behaviour of members inside the House immensely contributing to the enhancement of the existing degree of decorum.
8. Computerisation of the Assembly Library and construction of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Website are the important achievements made recently in the field of Information Technology. Constitution of Budget Committee, having a power to determine the size of the Annual Budget of the Assembly Secretariat with the approval of the Speaker, also places the Assembly in a position never occupied in the history of Mizoram Legislative Assembly. It is a significant milestone in a march towards independence of the Legislature.
9. Two major projects – constructions of Assembly House Annexe and Staff Quarters, are underway and they are expected to be completed within a few years.
10. As provided under Article 187 of the Constitution of India, Mizoram Legislative Assembly has separate conditions of service and recruitment rules. The recruitment and condition of services of the officers and staff are regulated by the Mizoram Legislative Assembly Secretariat (Recruitment and Condition of Service) Rules,1995. Under these rules, the Speaker has full administrative and financial powers in respect of the Legislature Secretariat. For the purpose of administration, the Secretary shall exercise powers as may be delegated to him by the Speaker.
11. In pursuance of the recommendations of the General Purposes Committee in its sitting on 26.6.1998 and the decision of the meeting of Council of Ministers held on 28.5.1999, the Hon. Speaker constituted the Pay Committee for the employees of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Secretariat on 22.6.1999 with the following members :-




- Chairman



Minister i/c Finance

- Member



Minister i/c Parliamentary Affairs

- Member



Deputy Speaker

- Member



Chairman, Estimates Committee

- Member



Chairman, PAC  

- Member



Chairman, COPU  

- Member



Leader of Opposition

- Member

The   function   of   the  Committee  is  to advise the Speaker  on the changes that are considered desirable in the structure of scales of pay and allowances of officers and all categories of employees of the Assembly Secretariat in the context of the decision of the Govt. of Mizoram on the recommendations of Fifth Pay Commission.


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